Knowledge– As the representation or a grasp of how things are.
Notes: PLATO THEORY –
- Everything we encounter, there is an original template living in a all kinds of different elements.
- Essence and form, might not be here in our realm but could be in another (our thoughts) we’ve lost the ability to travel, between them realms.
- We are shadows, living in a shadow world.
- Techne– living or inspiring the state of perfection.
- Moving from ignorance-opinion- knowledge.
Here is a diagram to help explain his theory. When drawing we first find something that we can observe on, to then create a masterpiece on. Plato theory is that we don’t see the world for how it really is, whether it’s because of the course to our body functions or whether there is something that we don’t have the knowledge about yet. To explain this in its simplest form, above in the diagram it shows that we as humans see the object and draw it. However, we aren’t making that full cycle, we aren’t understanding the art of how we see, what makes that tree special not for how it is but the effect it has on us. Like the temperature and lighting within the atmosphere or the smell and touch we feel. Instead of finding the visual object, we should first start with the sun, understand it’s power of giving us sight and then from our sight we move to the visual focus point. It’s all about understanding different cycles and not always limiting us to just one.
- Art represents the world but its just a copy/ reflection. Problem with this is we turn away from the true forms.
- Art deceives us.
These are paintings down by Trompe L’oeil a very talented artist that can manipulate the human eye and create a whole new illusion from reality. Therefore the art of representation is a long way removed form the truth. The way this can deceive the human eye from reality what makes us think that the world we live in is deceiving us from the actual reality of the world. Maybe the world we live in is built up of lies and we don’t know how to find the truth anymore.
Notes: NIETZSCHE THEORY-
- It’s about change and transformation. Reality is in a constant state of flux.
- We hunt for the perfect leaf, however all we find is a story. Has no bearing with in reality.
- We think we sense the world. Sound or sight, its our own translation to how we see the world.
- Nietzsche believe we only evolve through change.
- Premise foundation- idea or belief.
- Book or computer try to convince you but its whether your premise will support you.
- Metaphor- love is a river, comparing an emotion to a realm.
- Reality is stable- by this I mean we, as humans know our being, but what if we were transforming every single day and so was the world. We wouldn’t be able to identify what reality is and then how can we tell what the real truth is then.
Task- I was set a task to go in a group of two other students and find the answer to this question. ‘How do Plato’s and Nietzsche’s theories of knowledge differ?’
Plato and Nietzsche both have different terminologies of what the definition of truth is, in relation to our sensory experiences within the world. The causes to these differences, towards their views on art, differ dramatically. Plato believes there is a perfect version of every form and that what we perceive is the equivalent of only viewing shadows of reality. Therefore he explains that art is not worthwhile.
Nietzsche believes the world is a constant state of flux and that there is no truth. His theory is that the state of everything is still changing. He appreciates art, as it is simply another transformation of something that has a fixed reality.